Evaluations of homes of all types of juvenile institutions show that the lifestyles in these institutions are not satisfactory at all and that prisoners enjoy little freedom.
Institutions are mostly crowded, management is centralized, training programs are very traditional. Individually unnoticed, life-wise and large are sluggish, their budget is low, and the number of institutes is very inadequate.
A study conducted long back in 1968 by the Social Welfare Council of India to evaluate the Juvenile Reforms Association Was under the direction of. Gokhale In this 1969 study, 229 prisoners released during a period of 5 years were interviewed. it was found that-
- Training provided at the institution does not help inmates get jobs.
- The institute does not provide facilities for formal school and college education.
- Counseling and casework facilities are inadequate.
- Inmates are not given personal attention.
- The institute has a limited budget which prevents them from adequate planning.
For a recent study of observation houses (Evaluation of Homes) –
When in 1995, a non-governmental organization NGO called BOSCO in Bangalore and in November 1995 was organized in three cities Mumbai, Delhi, Ujjain. According to a popular weekly magazine (Sunday), observation homes would be in terrible condition. Migration from these homes has been a regular feature for many years. The 6 cases made headlines in the last 5 years from 1991 to 1996.
- The most recent observation was in November 1995 in Delhi, which escaped 22 prisoners.
- 29 prisoners escaped from the juvenile home in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh in June 1995, 2 months after its opening. A teenager also attempted suicide. There were reports of atrocities and confirmed cases of sexual abuse.
- The third incident took place in Delhi in February 1994. In which teenagers survive by cutting off the false ceiling for boys and crawling out through ventilators.
- The fourth case came from Patna Bihar in August 1993. In which 35 youth, aged 7 to 20 years, was so hurt by the inhuman behavior of the staff that they beat up the guards before fleeing.
- Umarkhadi Remand Home, Mumbai reported the escape of 49 prisoners in July 1992. Of these, 24 were again arrested.
- Finally, in December 1991, 10 juvenile offenders escaped from the Shilayan Center, Berhampur, West Bengal due to inhuman conditions at home.
- Children are found in homes even after the end of the prescribed period of 3 to 6 months.
- In Bangalore, it was a shocking discovery, having been in the house for 6 years, while a boy landed in it for the eleventh time (Sunday, 26 November – 2 December 1995).
(Evaluation of Homes) 5 years ago in November 1995, a prisoner from 1 house in Mumbai revealed in his interview that “little boys in homes almost live under the dictatorship of senior boys. They wash them their utensils and clothes and even they Also snatch the portion. Of food. The warden and security personnel never bother to intervene. On the contrary, the complainants are beaten by the authorities.
Sexual abuse of young children is common in homes and the authorities have turned a blind eye to this. Regular detour “. An inmate of a house Surat is pointed out that” if a prisoner did not want to be beaten, he would have to be friendly with the master.”The life of teenagers rotting in homes means an endless series. Since the days spent by the big boys and monk officers to protect themselves from being bullied and tortured. There is no way they can retaliate, In most cases, they have to submit unconditionally, to the whims and whims of their peers.
(Evaluation of Homes) The Additional Sessions Judge (ASJ) of Delhi visited one of the three observation homes in north Delhi run by the Delhi administration in January 1995. She was very surprised to see the rules of the Delhi Legal Aid and Advisory Board members. He moved the High Court to follow the instructions of the Delhi Administration Authority and to implement the Juvenile Justice Act in observation homes. Young boys were reared like cattle in the house.
When the Juvenile Justice Rule set a minimum space of 40 sq ft for each inmate, the ASJ found that 92 young inmates were packed into smaller rooms, with each element not having 4.5 sq ft of space. No special classes were being held as prescribed by law. In the name of entertainment facilities, only a small TV set was kept in the room. Inmates were being given 2 hours of sewing education daily.
There was no systematic attempt at reform. Welfare staff and teachers two-wheeler in short supply. Instead of three welfare officers, a teacher, and a psychologist, there was only one welfare officer in the household. While it is mandatory for the administration to provide free education to juvenile education, officials were also ignoring this obligation. Medical facilities were also absent.
The rules require a medical examination of prisoners within 2 to 3 days of admission. This rule was being followed more from home to breach when needed. Security was also very poor. No wonder that 72 out of 105 prisoners fled their homes in November 1995 after trying two caretakers. Caregivers were found to have a habit of treating young offenders in a friendly manner, allowing them to hide bottles of alcohol and conduct drinking sessions frequently. Observation homes are not to be turned into prisons, but improvements are needed if such homes are properly used to deal with a juvenile after trial.
The official response to such allegations is dismissal. Staff members usually say that – after all these children are connected to the streets and they take time to improve their ways. The allegations of mistreatment and sexual abuse of adolescent girls in these homes are baseless. The media only airs serious negative cases.
However, it is a fact that the display of conditions in these houses in the press forces the authorities to conduct some self-checks. Umarkhadi’s Remand House in Mumbai is one such example. Following the reported escape of prisoners from this house in July 1992 – due to unbearable conditions created by indifferent staff – the house is trying to improve its functioning. Even if the conditions in these comment homes actually improve, the best place for child rehabilitation is home and not the institution. An institution should be a last resort for juvenile delinquents.
The sooner a child is restored from home to his or her parents, the better it is for the child, the parents as well as the state because the institution can never give genuine affection to those children who Usually at an age when they need it the most. Air and counseling cannot be expected from untrained and call staff in homes. The traumatic experience of children sent to these homes turns them into big criminals. There is a need to make society sensitive to their plight.
A study of 27 institutions for socially challenged children in Rajasthan (including juvenile reformers, observation homes, probation houses, children’s homes, etc.) about 15 years ago m. s. It was also reported that Bedi operated-
- Institutional facilities are underestimated and the occupancy rate of the institution is far below their capacity.
- The quality and content of vocational training are poor. It is not equipped with a prisoner to rehabilitate himself financially after being discharged from the institution.
- The location and physical facilities for prisoners are reduced by the minimum standard lead by the Central Social Welfare Board.
- Not provided protection services against institutionalization (against a strict and aggressive prisoner, homosexual assault, snatching of food and other things by fellow inmates) and after discharge (old comrades, police harassment, immoral smugglers, etc.).
- Prisoners’ facilities are inadequate to communicate with their family members, family, and friends. Even assuming some changes have been made in these houses over the years, it can be safely said that there is a great need for restructuring of these houses.
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