Concept of Organicism | Social Ecology

Concept of Organicism (हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए यहां क्लिक करें)

Introduction

  • It is a philosophical perspective that views the universe and its parts as an organic whole ad by analogy or literally as a living organism.
  • Organicism is the philosophical perspective that views the universe and its parts as an organic whole and analogy or literally as a living organism.
  • It is thus a form of holism.
  • It is an important tradition within the history of natural philosophy where it has remained as a vital current alongside reductionism and mechanism, the approaches that have dominated science since the 17th century.

Concept of Organicism

  • Plato is among the earliest philosophers to have regarded the universe as an intelligent living being.
  • It is flourished for a period during the era of German romanticism, during which time the new science of biology was defined by”Jean-Baptise Lamarck” within modern-day biological sciences.
  • organicism is the approach that stresses the organization, the self-organizing, rather than the composition of organicism.
  • “John Scott Haldane” who was the first biologist to use the term to describe his philosophical views in 1917.
  • After which it was followed by certain other biologists in the 19th century.

In philosophy

  • Organicism as a doctrine rejects mechanism and reductionism. “Gilbert and Sarkar” distinguish organicism from holism to loved what they see as vitalistic or spiritualistic connotations of holism.
  • “William Himsatt” has suggested that the number of terms in the relations considered distinguishes reductionism from holism.
  • It has some intellectually and politically controversial or suspect associations.
  • Social Scientists who considered human society to be analogous to an organism.
  • And individual humans to be analogous to the cells of the organicism.

In Biology

  • In biology, organicism considers that the observable structures of life are the results of the reciprocal play between all their components.
  • Examples of 20th-century biologists who were organicists are Ross Harrison, Paul Weiss, and Joseph Needham. Donna Haraway discusses them in her first book Crystals, Fabrics, and Fields.
  • John Scott Haldane (father of J. B. S. Haldane), William Emerson Ritter, Edward Stuart Russell, Joseph Henry Woodger, Ludwig von Bertalanffy, and Ralph Stayner Lillie are other early twentieth century organicists.

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